|Site Of Nest:
lakes and coastal estuaries
A floating cup nest, anchored by plant material.
Mostly insects, as well as crustaceans, molluscs,
frogs and fish.
The head, neck, breast, and upper parts are coloured black to
blackish brown, with the exception of the ochre-coloured
fan of feathers extending behind the eye over the eye-coverts
and sides of the nape. This eye is mostly red, with a narrow
and paler yellow ring on the inner parts of the eye and an
orange-yellow to pinkish-red orbital ring. The thin bill is black,
and is connected to the eye by a blackish line starting at the gape
The upperwing is blackish to drab brown in colour and has
a white patch formed by the secondaries and part of the inner
primaries. The flanks are coloured tawny rufous to maroon-chestnut
and have the occasional blackish fleck. The underwing and abdomen is
white, with an exception to the former being the dark tertials
and the mostly pale grey-brown outer primaries. The legs are a dark
greenish grey. The sexes are similar.
Greyish-black upper parts, cap, nape, and hindneck, with the colour
on the upper portion of the latter being contained
in a vertical stripe. The dark colour of the cap reaches below the
eye and can be seen, diffused, to the ear-coverts.
Behind the ear-coverts on the sides of the neck, there are white
ovals. The rest of the neck is grey to brownish-grey in
colour and has white that varies in amount. The breast is white,
and the abdomen is whitish. The flanks are coloured in a
mix of blackish-grey with white flecks.
The bill is significantly more grey.
In the Northern Hemisphere, this bird breeds from April to August.
In east Africa, the breeding season is at least from January to
while in southern Africa, the breeding season is from October to April.
A clutch, sometimes two, of three to four chalky greenish
or bluish eggs