|Site Of Nest:
lakes and coastal estuaries A floating cup nest, anchored by plant material.
Mostly insects, as well as crustaceans, molluscs,
tadpoles, small frogs and fish.
The head, neck, breast, and upper parts are coloured black to blackish
brown, with the exception of the ochre-coloured fan of feathers
extending behind the eye over the eye-coverts and sides of the nape.
This eye is mostly red, with a narrow and paler yellow ring on the
inner parts of the eye and an orange-yellow to pinkish-red orbital
ring. The thin bill is black, and is connected to the eye by a blackish line starting at the gape.
The upperwing is blackish to drab brown in colour and has a white patch
formed by the secondaries and part of the inner primaries. The flanks
are coloured tawny rufous to maroon-chestnut and have the occasional
blackish fleck. The underwing and abdomen is
white, with an exception to the former being the dark tertials and the
mostly pale grey-brown outer primaries. The legs are a dark
greenish grey. The sexes are similar.
Greyish-black upper parts, cap, nape, and hindneck, with the colour on
the upper portion of the latter being contained in a vertical stripe.
The dark colour of the cap reaches below the eye and can be seen,
diffused, to the ear-coverts. Behind the ear-coverts on the sides of
the neck, there are white ovals. The rest of the neck is grey to
brownish-grey in colour and has white that varies in amount. The breast
is white,and the abdomen is whitish. The flanks are coloured in a mix
of blackish-grey with white flecks. The bill is significantly more
In the Northern Hemisphere, this bird breeds from April to August.
In east Africa, the breeding season is at least from January to
while in southern Africa, the breeding season is from October to April.
A clutch, sometimes two, of three to four chalky greenish or bluish eggs