Moss, dead grass and leaves.The visible nest however,
just a shelter. Usually hidden beneath a lip, is the entrance
to the real nest within, a cup of grass or sedge, nearly
as the nest of a Blackbird, lined with leaves of
oak, beech or
Aquatic invertebrates including caddis worms and insect
beetles, freshwater molluscs, and small fish.
From a perch it will walk into the water and deliberately
submerge, but there is no truth in the assertion that it
defy the laws of specific gravity and walk along the
When entering the water it grips with its strong
feet, but the
method of progression beneath the surface
is by swimming,
using the wings effectively for flying under
water. It holds
itself down by muscular exertion, with its
head well down
and its body oblique, its course beneath
the surface often
revealed by a line of rising bubbles.
Dark above and white-breasted.
March-May 1-2 Broods