in a shrub or tree.
It is made of twigs and plant stems with
an inner layer
of roots, grass, moss,
leaves and other vegetation and a
of feathers, wool and hair.
Small seeds such as those of Birch, Alder
and grasses. Fruit
buds and invertebrate.
The adult male is largely brown above with
It has a red forehead, a black
chin and, during the breeding
on the breast and face. The flanks are buff
with dark streaks and the belly and
whitish. There are two
pale bars on the wing. The adult
female is similar
but lacks the pink on the breast and face
less streaking on the flanks. The juvenile has a
pale head with no red forehead and less black on the chin.
Breeding pairs form in late winter.
2 to 7. Pale bluish or greenish with reddish
or brownish blotches