|Red foxes either
establish stable home ranges within particular areas or are itinerant
with no fixed abode.
Outside the breeding season, most red foxes favour living in the open.
In densely vegetated areas though they may enter burrows to escape bad
weather. Their burrows are often dug on hill or mountain slopes,
ravines, bluffs, steep banks of water bodies, ditches, depressions,
gutters, in rock clefts and neglected human environments. Red foxes
prefer to dig their burrows on well drained soils. Dens built among
tree roots can last for decades.
35–50 cm high at the shoulder and 45 to 90 cm in body length
with tails measuring 30 to 55.5 cm.
Red foxes are omnivores with a highly varied diet.They primarily feed
on rodents like voles, mice, ground squirrels, hamsters and gerbils.
Secondary prey species include birds, (with passeriformes, galliformes
and waterfowl predominating), reptiles, insects, other invertebrates
and flotsam, (marine mammals, fish and echinoderms). They readily eat
plant material and in some areas, fruit can amount to 100% of their
diet in autumn. Commonly consumed fruits include berries, cherries,
persimmons, apples, plums, grapes and acorns. Other plant material
includes grasses, sedges and tubers.
In Celtic mythology, the Red fox is a symbolic animal. In the
Cotswolds, witches were thought to take the shape of foxes in order to
steal butter from their neighbours. The Red fox is seen as cunning and
deceitful in European, Chinese, Japanese, Arab, Inuit and North
There is a lot more to the Red Fox than meets the eye!