|Found in sandy areas and near the ocean.
June - August
The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by bees, flies, beetles, moths & butterflies.
The leaves, stems, flower buds and immature seedpods - may be used either raw or cooked and are all rich in vitamin C. They have a bitter taste though and are used mainly as a flavouring. The root has been used in bread making. Very young leaves can be added to salads whilst older leaves can be used as a herb.
The seed oil contains a high level of erucic acid, which can have pathological effects on the cardiac muscle of several animal species.